A Detailed Study of the Archaelogical Site of Kitros (N.Greece) by Combined Magnetic and Spectrometry Methods
In the present study the archaeological site of “Louloudies – Kitros” (N. Greece) is investigated by the use of magnetic and spectrometry geophysical methods. For this reason soil samples were collected from several trenches within the archaeological site, as well as radial traverses around kilns, which were used for glass production. Moreover, samples were collected from a long traverse, starting from the middle of the archaeological site and extending outside of the site, in order to identify the limits of the archaeological settlement. The performed measurements were successful in identifying the different occupation levels and the boundaries of the archaeological site. High values of magnetic susceptibility and iron oxide content were well correlated with the periods of intense human activity. Around the kilns, the mean values of the magnetic susceptibility indicated the effect of the fire mechanism in the surrounding area and also gave some first evidence concerning the use of the kilns. Comparison of the magnetic and chemical properties of the anthropogenic soils suggests that their enhancement may be used as an index for locating areas and features of archaeological interest.